M. FORD CREECH ANTIQUES & FINE ARTS
 

http://www.mfordcreech.com

 

 


CHRISTMAS, 2022 :

TRANSFORMATIONS : 'FROM THE MOUNTAINS'

'SILVER'

In the Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, is the town

'Kutná Hora',

populated by Celts in the late Iron Age,

and whose history with is intricately entwined with silver.

Silver mining in Kutná Hora dates back to at least 985 AD,

when silver ore 'surface deposits' were discovered.

By 1290, German miners also began to mine the rich mountain veins.

And by the Middle Ages, Kutná Hora's silver mines had become

Europe's main supply of silver, reaching its peak in the 14th century.

At its height, about 2,500 miners, smelters, and craftsmen were working

in Kutná Hora's mines.

The above complex late medieval illuminated parchment of 'Kutná Hora'

shows not only the mining of ore - and its milling -

the washing - and subsequent sale to ore merchants -

but also presents its further processing and smelting to produce silver

which was then used to mint coins.

Traditionally, they hammered out an incredible

2,000 coins, 12 hours a day, 7 days a week.

 


 

 

Silver Ore from the Czech Republic

Silver' is rarely found as nuggets in deposits and

veins, more often combined with other 'earth'

elements and ores. The pure silver is then further

extracted through smelting or electrolysis.

 

 


MEDIEVAL GERMANY, & BRITISH ‘STERLING’ :

Legend tells several stories regarding the British term 'sterling'.

The most commonly related lore dates to the 12th century.

Medieval merchants from the Baltic area of Germany, called 'Osterlings',

or 'Easterlings',

('Ostsee' - 'East Sea' - being the German name for the Baltic)

paid for British cattle and grain silver in silver coins of their making.

These coins proved to be of fine, consistent and durable quality.

In the 12th century, Henry II adopted their alloy for the British standard ...

imported the actual 'Easterling' metal refiners ...

and put them to work making silver coins for England,

(as the Henry II silver penny above).

The term 'sterling' is a shortening of 'Easterling',

and refers to the Easterling alloy :

92.5% pure silver, 7.5% other hardening metals, usually copper.

'Sterling' uses the same standard of 'fine silver' today.

 


'CHRISTMAS' SILVER SELECTIONS :

 


FLATWARE :

 


 

Charles II Silver Child's Trefid Spoon, Steven Venables Junior, London, 1684

Charles II Silver Child's Trefid Spoon, Steven Venables Junior, London, 1684

The terminal with original owners' scratched initials 'F*N'

Charles II Silver Child's Trefid Spoon, Steven Venables Junior, London, 1684, marks

Straight Set of 12 George III Silver Hanoverian Tablespoons, Isaac Callard, 1757, crested en suite

Straight Set of 12 George III Silver Hanoverian Tablespoons

Isaac Callard, London, 1757

Of heavy gauge silver, engraved with a crest : 'a wolf (or fox) sejant ppr'

Straight Set of 12 George III Silver Hanoverian Tablespoons, Isaac Callard, 1757, crest of a wolf (or fox) sejant ppr

Royal George III Large Silver-Gilt Sugar Sifting / Straining Ladle

Royal George III Large Silver-Gilt Sugar Sifting / Straining Ladle

'Onslow' pattern, the terminal reverse

crested for a younger son of George III, likely Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex

Royal George III Large Silver-Gilt Sugar Sifting / Straining Ladle, Royal Crest

Rare George I Britannia Standard Marrow Spoon

Andrew Archer, London, 1718,

and a

Georgian Provincial Silver "Reverse Scoop" Marrow Scoop

Marked twice 'A S', possibly Scottish

(A Corresponding Mark exists for Alexander Stewart, Inverness, and Tain, c1800-1025)

 


 

HOLLOWWARE :

 


 

Rare Small Queen Anne Britannia Standard Mug or Tankard, Matthew Cooper, London, 1705-6

Rare Small Queen Anne Britannia Standard Mug or Tankard

Matthew Cooper (marked rubbed), London, 1705-6,

possibly a child's or Christening mug,

the centered oval never engraved

George I Silver Tumbler Cup, James Goodwin, London 1723 Early George II Silver Tot Cup, William Paradise, London 1732 George II Silver Tot Cup, Thomas Parr II, London, 1730

A Very Good George I Small Silver Tumbler Cup,

& Two Scarce George II Silver Tot Cups

Each of excellent quality and condition with good marks :

George I Silver Tumbler Cup, James Goodwin, London, 1723

Early George I Silver Tot Cup, William Paradise, London, 1732

Early George II Silver Tot Cup, Thomas Parr II, London, c1730

George II Irish Silver Embossed Helmet Cream Jug, c1750

George II Irish Silver Embossed Helmet Cream Jug, c1750

Of heavy gauge silver, marks beneath handle, rubbed

Raised on lion-headed paw feet

Fine George II Rococo Pierced Silver Basket, Henry Bailey, 1759, Marital Arms of Leche and Jones

Fine George II Rococo Pierced Silver Basket

Henry Bailey, London, 1759, Of heavy gauge silver, centering

'The Marital Arms of Leche and Jones'

& The Motto : 'Spes non fracta' (My hope is not broken) (for Leche):

'The Marital Arms of Leche and Jones', and Motto 'My Hope Is Not Broken'

Good Pair of George III Irish Silver Salvers

Charles Marsh, Dublin, 1821, crested for the family of Bentley :

'within a wreath a spaniel dog passant'

and a

George II Armorial Silver Waiter

William Peaston, London, 1752

'Marital Arms of Robert Ramsden, Osberton, Nottinghamshire,

& Elizabeth Smythe, Heath Hall Yorkshire'

(each image above is linked to the related detail page)

Early George III Cast Rococo Silver Taperstick, William Gould, 1760

Early George III Cast Rococo Silver Taperstick

William Gould, 'Hex Foil' Shell Bobeche and Base, London, 1760

Pair Early George III Clustered-Column Candlesticks, William Cafe, London 1768, crested for the Dukes of Gordon

Pair Early George III Clustered-Column Candlesticks

William Cafe, London, 1768

with Jacobite Interest :

for the Dukes of Gordon, Letterfourie House (by Robert Adam)

Thence Through the Gordon Family

Crest : 'A Hart's Head Couped ppr.', and Motto : 'Dum Sisto Vigilo'

Provenance : Letterfourie House, Morayshire, Scotland

Crest of the family of Gordon

 


MISCELLANEOUS :

 


 

Elizabeth I / James I Silver Bodkin, England, c1600-1620

Elizabeth I / James I Silver Bodkin

Unmarked, England, c1600-1620, Faint Remains of Initials

tapering stem with an elongated hole for ribbons,

well as a small round hole for threads at the wider end

George I Engraved Silver Snuff Box, Classical Scene, England 1720-25

George I Engraved Silver Snuff Box

Unmarked, England, c1720-1725, of very heavy gauge silver,

engraved with a classical scene of dancing ladies within ruins

Rare George II Silver Saucer-Form Domed Wine Taster, Joseph Sanders, London, 1738

Rare George II Silver Saucer-Form Domed Wine Taster

Joseph Sanders, London, 1738

In the "Bordeaux" circular saucer form,

the form some tout as the 'only English wine taster'

Scarce George II One-Piece Silver Apple Corer, England, c1740-50

Scarce George II One-Piece Silver Apple Corer

England, c1740-50

Single piece apple corers were not made past c1750.

Not many examples of the one-piece form remain

Very Scarce Pair George III Silver Nutcrackers, Phipps & Robinson, 1802, & Good Pair George V Silver Nutcrackers, George Howson, 1926

Very Scarce Pair George III Silver Nutcrackers

Phipps & Robinson, London,1803

and a

Good Pair George V Silver Nutcrackers

George Howson, London, 1926

 


A 17th Century Silversmith’s Workshop, Engraving

 


From this ancient earth, its skies, seas and sand

Comes all that we know - even made by man's hand.

It is with awe, on this surface, I stand.

MERRY CHRISTMAS !!

Millicent Creech

 


FOOTNOTES :

'Kutná Hora Illumination' is a colossal panoramic frontispiece

from a c1490 illuminated manuscript choirbook on vellum.

It depicts silver mining in Bohemia, and is one of the largest and most important

northern European secular illuminated miniatures in existence.

It now resides in the Gallery of the Central Bohemian Region (GASK)

and is on display on special occasions.

Click below or the image above for a large image - well worth an online visit!

Christmas 2002, Transformations Illustration Index, Kutná Hora

(Image : Creative Commons)

Silver Ore from the Czech Republic : Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh,

Pennsylvania, , USA; Photo James St. John (Creative Commons)

Henry II Penny : from ‘Rasiel's Kings and Queens of England Coin Collection’,

Tantalus Coins, Image : Rasiel Suarez (Creative Commons)

A 17th Century Engraving of A Silversmith’s Workshop : Alamy (copyright), by lease

 


Inventory Photography : Millicent F. Creech

 


In Our CHRISTMAS 2022 ,"TRANSFORMATIONS"Series :

'From The Forests' (Already Online)

Christmas, 2022, Transformations, From The Forests

Forthcoming In November & December :

'From The Earth'

'From The Sands'

'From The Human Spirit'

 


 

901.761.1163 (gallery) or 901.827.4668 (cell)

 

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All Other Days By Appointment, or  Simply By Chance

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Christmas, 2022, "Transformations, From The Mountains, Silver" ; M. Ford Creech Antiques