THOMAS POLLOCK ANSHUTZ
American (PA) 1851-1912
with Traces of Pencil
Provenance: James Graham & Sons, New York, NY;Debra Force Fine Art, New York, NY
Exhibition record: James Graham & Sons, New York, NY, Thomas Pollok Anshutz: Painting Arcadia (2001); Be My Little Valentine:
Small Sculpture, Precious and Sentimental Paintings and Works on Paper (2002) bearing labels verso
Highly important Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts artist and teacher
Museums: 23, including Metropolitan Museum, Carnegie Museum, National Gallery of Art, Smithsonian,
National Academy of Design, LA County Museum, PAFA
Listings: 94 books, 5 periodicals American Art Review (2), Magazine Antiques, American Arts Quarterly, American Artist
Image size: 10.25” x 8.25”
For related works, please click below:
THOMAS POLLOCK ANSHUTZ
Born: 1851, Newport, Kentucky
Died: 1912, Fort Washington, Pennsylvania
Studied: under Thomas Eakins (Pennsylvania Academy) and Bouguereau.(Academie
Anshutz's students: included Robert Henri, John Sloan, John Marin, Frederick Judd Waugh, William Glackens, Edward
Willis Redfield, George Benjamin Luks, and Charles Demuth.
A native of Newport, Kentucky, Thomas Anshutz was known primarily for his paintings of female figures, usually isolated in a
contemplative or coquettish pose.In 1872 he went to New York City to study at the
National Academy of Design under Lemuel
In 1881, Anshutz became Eakins’s assistant demonstrator for anatomy courses taught by the surgeon William Williams Keen. He joined
the Academy faculty as a replacement for Eakins, who was fired for using nude models in female student classes. In 1886 he became
the chief painting teacher at the Academy, keeping in the curriculum the emphasis on anatomy in the tradition of Eakins.
Anshutz became Head of the Pennsylvania Academy in 1909.
In 1885, Anshutz went to Paris to the Academie Julian, where he studied under Adolphe William Bouguereau. He then returned to
the Pennsylvania Academy faculty for the remainder of his active career.
He was regarded as a solid painter who did major studies for each canvas. He was also one of the most influential teachers of his time,
projecting more through his students than his own work. His students include Robert Henri, John Sloan, John Marin, Frederick Judd
Waugh, William Glackens, Edward Willis Redfield, George Benjamin Luks, and Charles Demuth.
Anshutz was generally not acknowledged for his own paintings until the 20th century. He had the dark palette and realistic approach
to figure painting of Thomas Eakins. His oil paintings often depicted a female in a contemplative posture. His most famous work,
"Iron Workers at Noontime" (1882) clearly anticipates Realism, where working class men are shown in their everyday life. In addition to
oils, Anshutz also produced watercolor pieces that show an interest in light and color, often done on travel.
Anshutz was a member of the National Academy, a Fellow of the Pennsylvania Academy, and also belonged to the Philadelphia and
New York Watercolor Clubs. He exhibited widely during his lifetime and received many prizes and gold medals, including at: the Art
Institute of Chicago in Illinois, the Boston Art Club in Massachusetts; the Pennsylvania Academy; the National Academy; Artists Club
of Philadelphia; the St. Louis Exposition of 1904; Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C.; and the Buenos Aires Exposition of 1910 in
Anshutz's work is in the permanent collection of many major museums. He died in 1912 after a long and prosperous career as a
professor and working artist.
American Art Review, March 2005, Collection James & Barbara Palmer
American Arts Quarterly, January 2004, Legacy of Pennsylvania Academy
Magazine Antiques, December 2003, Current and Coming
American Artist, November 2002, Nuts & Bolts
Review, February 1999, Treasures from Westmoreland Museum
Some relevant books of interest:
Pennsylvania Academy, Thomas Anshutz 1851-1912
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 200 Years of Watercolor Painting
Hoopes, Donelson F, American Watercolor Painting
Stebbins, Theodore E, American Master Drawings and Watercolors/A History of Works on Paper
Richardson, Edgar P, American Art Collection of Mr. & Mrs. John D Rockefeller 3rd
Perlman, Bennard B, The Immortal Eight American Painting from Eakins to the Armory Show
Spanierman Gallery, American Works on Paper II
Sellin, David; Mark Sullivan, Thomas Eakins and His Fellow Artists at the Philadelphia Sketch Club
All major art biographical dictionaries and price indices
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