Set of 12 Queen Anne / GEORGE I BRITANNIA SILVER DOGNOSE Table FORKS
John Ladyman, London, 1707-8 (10), 1721-22 (1), John Spackman I, 1701 (1)
Of heavy gauge .958 silver, the three tines and flat shaft ending in a wavy-end (dognose) terminal,
11 terminals engraved with a crest :
A Saracen’s head in profile couped at the shoulders proper hair and beard or
on the head a chapeau azure turned up tasseled (for Prideaux, Devonshire and Cornwall);
the Spackman example, also 1707, terminal crested : a wolf's head erased, Fairbairns 30.1
(Abrook et al, possibly with a yet unproven connection to the Prideaux family)
The Prideaux family was begun in England by Paganus de Prideaux, who held Prideaux Castle in Cornwall
under William I, suggesting participation in the Norman Conquest of 1066. The family of Prideaux-Brune,
of Prideaux Place, Cornwall, descend from the Prideauxs of Soldon.
Their family crest includes the head of a Saracen, denoting their participation in the crusades.
Condition : The tine tips with wear, some shorter to the outer tines; marks rubbed on most, but several legible;
most crests still in good readable order
Prior to the late 17th century, forks had only two sharp tines.
At the very end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th century, silver dinner forks with three tines were introduced - the three tines representing the thumb and two first fingers, then proper for transporting solid foods to the mouth.
Although forks had existed since biblical times, they were quite slow to catch on in England.
The earlier British clergy contended that God gave people fingers for eating,
and declared forks to be diabolical (forks sometimes then referred to as "pitchforks",
having the same Latin root furca).
The "sherbet course" was introduced in the early 1700's, not to clear the palette, as commonly thought,
but for the washing of the single fork for the next course.
Queen Anne dognose forks are quite rare and therefore quite expensive -
more suitable for the collector than for table use.
Forks at this time were set face down on the table. It is said that the placement was to keep the tines from “catching” in the long lace cuffs worn during that period of time.
7.5” Long / 27.4 oz
Ladyman Crest - Prideaux
Spackman Crest - Wolf's Head Erased
"The family of Prideaux is one of ancient origin in England’s West Country
principally in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon.
They were seated originally at Prideaux Castle in Cornwall shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
Branches of the family later settled at Orcharton, Soldon and Luson in Devon.
The family of Prideaux-Brune, of Prideaux Place, Cornwall (who are still extant) descend from the Prideauxs, of Soldon.
A portrait of Edmund Prideaux (born 1693 died 1745), of Prideaux Place is shown here.
Another branch of the family who also descend from the Prideauxs, of Soldon are the Prideauxs,
of Netherton in Devon who were created Baronets in the Baronetage of England on the 17th July 1622.
Sadly the Prideaux Baronetcy fell into extinction for want of a male heir upon the death of the ninth baronet,
Sir Edmund Sanderson Prideaux in 1875."
(Courtesy John Tunesi of Liongam)
Portrait of Edmund Prideaux (1693-1745),
by William Aikman
PRIDEAUX PLACE, Padstow, North Cornwall, an Elizabethan manor, completed in 1592, and home to the same family since that date
Heraldry Courtesy of John Tunesi of Liongam
Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
SEE ALSO :
Marks Rubbed and Cast Over
Dublin, James Champion, c1740,
England, c1721-40, marks rubbed,
one by Paul Hanet
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