RICHARD HAYLEY LEVER
"SUNSET ON THE BAY"
Oil on Board
Signed lower left Hayley Lever
Labels verso from Chapellier Galleries, NYC, and New Britain Museum of American Art
Museums: (29) including Metropolitan Museum of Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art,
High Museum of Art, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Yale University Art Gallery,
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Cheekwood Museum of Art (& others)
Books: (64) including Hayley Lever by Carol Lowrey
Periodicals: (3) American Art Review; Art & Antiques
Provenance: New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain CT
Prior to immigrating to America in 1912, Richard Hayley Lever, worked in England for 18 years, settling in St. Ives,
Cornwall. There he began painting luminous harbor scenes, perfecting that subject matter upon his arrival in America -
as in this extraordinary example. "Sunset on the Bay" again features Lever's strategic placement of pure blacks against
lights and vivid colors, making the waters seem to glisten and dance. I know few painters who employ this device with
such effectiveness. The directional brushwork not only builds energy, but depicts the city without painting a single detail
- save a few lights.
I find most of Lever's paintings more about the joy of paint, color, light and energy than about the actual subject matter.
There is usually a touch of whimsy or play, even in the more serious or misty scenes. Lever once said: "Art is the
recreation of mind in line, form and color. If I were confined to my own backyard for the rest of my life, I'd still
have more pictures in my mind than I would have time to paint. Art is nothing but having a good time".
This is very evident in "Sunset on the Bay".
Image Size: 6” x 9”
oTHER pAINTINGS BY RICHARD HAYLEY LEVER:
LEVER, Richard Hayley (1876-1958)
Birth place: Adelaide, South Australia
Death place: Mt. Vernon, NY
Addresses: NYC; Mt. Vernon, NY
Studied: Prince Alfred Club, Adelaide; Art Students League; Paris; London.
Exhibited: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts Annual;, 1913-32, 1940 (medal, 1917; gold medal, 1926);
Corcoran Gallery biennials, 1914-41 (12 times); National Arts Club 1914-15 (prizes); Pan-Pacific Expo,
1915; National Academy of Design, 1914, 1936, 1938 (prizes); NAC, 1914-16, 1922, 1940;
Philadelphia Watercolor Club, 1918 (prize); Sesqui-Centennial Expo, Philadelphia, 1926 (prize); Montclair
Art Academy, 1930 (prize); New Rochelle Art Academy, 1941 (prize); Art Institute of Chicago; Society
of Independent Artists, 1920; Salons of America , 1934; Whitney Museum of American Art, 1922-46; Newark Art Club,
1936 (prize); Westchester Arts & Crafts, 1945 (prize); Macbeth, Rehn, Ferargil, Daniels, French & Co.,
Clayton, & other NYC galleries.
Member: National Academy of Design; American Painters & Engravers; National Arts Club; Connecticut Academy
of Fine Arts; Royal British Artists, London; Associate National Academy, 1925; National Academician, 1933;
Royal Institute of Oil Painters, London; Royal West of England Academy; Contemporary; New
Society Artists; Woodstock Art Association
Work: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts; Metropolitan Museum of Art; Brooklyn Museum; Montclair
Art Museum; Boston Museum of Art; Corcoran Gallery of Art; White House, Washington, DC; Ft.
Worth Museum of Art; Dallas Museum of Fine Art; Los Angeles Museum of Art; Telfair Academy; Detroit
Institute of Art; Des Moines Art Museum; Woodstock Art Association; University Nebraska; Phillips Memorial
Gallery; Duquesne Club, Pittsburgh; National Arts Club; Adelaide (So. Australia) Art Museum; Sydney
(Australia) Art Museum; Whitney Museum of American Art; Syracuse Museum FA; Antioch College; City Art Museum
of St. Louis; Memphis Art Museum; Springville (Utah) Art Academy; Perth Amboy (NJ) Public Library;
Little Rock Art Museum; Salt Lake City University Museum; Lincoln (NE) University
Comments: Best known as a Post-Impressionist of marine scenes, he was active in St. Ives, England, beginning c.1895.
In 1911, Ernest Lawson persuaded him to emigrate to the U.S. After the Depression forced him to give up his
home in Caldwell, NJ, he became director of the Studio Art Club, in Mt. Vernon, NY. He spent his summers at
Gloucester, MA, for twenty years. In addition to Caldwell, NJ, he painted in Manasquan (NJ), Woodstock (NY),
Nantucket, Vermont, and Monhegan Island (ME). In later years his palette became more vibrant.
Signature note: His signature was typically bold and slashing during the 1910s-20s, while his later signatures have fewer flourishes.
Sources: WW53; WW47; Curtis, Curtis, and Lieberman, 32, 184; Woodstock AA; Falk, Exh. Record Series.
This biography is drawn from “Who Was Who in American Art” , the reference book on the cultural life in the United States.
Museums Include :
Books include :
Spanierman Gallery, Fine American Art from 1845 to 1960
Spanierman Gallery, Art for the New Collector II, Re-Emerging American ArtistsLowrey, Carol, Hayley Lever
Spanierman Gallery, Art for the New Collector 1840-2001
Steiner, Raymond J, The Art Students League of New York - A History (Teachers)
Caldwell, Joseph S III & IV, Select Works: Fine American and European Paintings
Vose Galleries, Vose Art Notes - Art Collecting in America/A Timeline
Hopps, Walter (others) American Images/The SBC Collection of 20th Century American Art
Curtis, Jane/Will, F Lieberman, Monhegan - The Artists' Island
High Museum of Art, American Paintings at the High Museum of Art
Fresella-Lee, Nancy, The American Paintings (in the) Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art
Geske, Norman/Karen Janovy, The American Painting Collection - The Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery
Preato, Robert/Sandra Langer, Impressionism & Post-Impressionism - Transformations 1885-1945
Berry-Hill Galleries, American Impressionist Paintings (Taylor Gallery exhibition, London)
Kennedy Galleries, Insights and Outlooks - American 20th Century Watercolors & Drawings
Brooklyn Museum, American Watercolors, Pastels, Collages/ Brooklyn Museum
Rodriguez Roque, Oswaldo, Directions in American Painting1875-1925
Maurice Sternberg, Galleries, The American Perspective
Brooklyn Museum, American Paintings/Brooklyn
Montclair Art Museum, The American Painting Collection of the Montclair Art Museum
Chambers, Bruce W, American Paintings in the High Museum of Art/Bicentenial Catalogue
Graham, F Lanier, Three Centuries...American Painting M H deYoung and Palace of Legion of Honor
Chapellier Galleries, American Art Selections - Turn of the Century
Everson Museum of Art, American Painting from 1830
Neuhaus, Eugene, The History and Ideals of American Art
Bryant, Lorinda Munson, American Pictures & their Painters
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