Pseudo Delft Marks, 19th century




The bonbonniere modeled as the delightful head of a pug,

the features and coat picked out in underglaze blue;
having gilt white metal mounts and oval cover, the cover engraved with flora within a zig-zag border,
the interior with an underglaze blue mark :

conjoined initials PAK in the earlier Delft (De Grieksche) manner


(Pugs were imported by the Dutch East India Company in the 18th century,
quickly becoming a favored pet for European and English upper classes.
From the onset, their whimsical charm was a favorite theme in both the fine and decorative arts –
particularly in ceramics).


Condition : Excellent with several very small chips to the ear (typical for soft faience);

one scratch to the gilt cover; the lid closes tightly and hinge is in good order


2.5" Diameter






Please Inquire










Most are familiar with snuff boxes

Sniffing snuff was the original method of taking tobacco, first used by the American Indians,the substance being

brought back to Europe by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage (1494-96) to the New World. 

It was immediately popular among the Spanish and French, and brought into England with the return of Charles II in 1660. 

It was a substance for the aristocrat, and particularly popular in court circles. 

All ladies in Queen Anne's court followed her passion of snuff-taking,

and Queen Charlotte (wife of George III) was known as "Snuffy Charlotte", due to her very frequent use. 

Her son, George IV, changed his snuff according to the time of day,

and had a storage room set aside in each of his palaces for his boxes.


However, unlike snuff, I am often asked about bonbonnieres, and the purpose of these quite small boxes

The earliest bonbonnieres can be traced back more than 300 years - popular first on the Continent, -

-and introduced into Scotland by the time of Mary Queen of Scot's

(an extension of the interchange between France and Scotland at that time). 

Amongst wealthy aristocrats, small boxes of sweets - each holding only a few confections -

were given to celebrate birthdays, christenings, and marriages.  

The earliest sweets would have been dry and rather hard confections known as "comfits"

(sugared nuts, cloves and seeds) and diamond form sugar "lozenges"

In the 17th and 18th centuries, sugar was quite costly -

even its shipment having to come by boat from the faraway Caribbean islands. 

Thus so were the containers costly - sometimes made of gold, precious stones, crystals, or porcelain.  

Actually, even owning a bonbonniere indicated a person as one of wealth


  In Italy, bonbonnieres were traditionally given as wedding gifts,

each enclosing five sugared almonds, representing fertility, health, wealth, happiness and longevity,

as well as the bittersweet life of a married couple. 

Further, in the 18th century,  everyone had very "bad breath"

The sugar-coated seeds and nuts contained in bonbonnieres were sucked to disguise this fault.


Bonbonnieres were generally made in enamel on metal, in porcelain with metal mounts,

and some exquisite and very expensive examples in gold. 

A Russian jeweled and enameled gold bonbonniere by Fabergé sold at Christies in 2006 for $411,864.00. 

 There are also a few in silver.  Some glass examples are also known - but rare due to their fragility. 

The concepts for these boxes are often quite whimsical and intricate. 

Some are set with small portraits or landscapes and precious stones - most particularly the gold examples. 

The English were particularly good at fashioning whimsical animal forms in enamel on copper.











Silver Box Collection







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Email : mfcreech@bellsouth.net  or  mfordcreech@gmail.com

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M. Ford Creech Antiques & Fine Arts / 581 South Perkins Road /  Memphis, TN 38117 / USA /  Wed.-Sat. 11-6, or by appointment




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Continental Pug Dog Faience Bonbonniere or Snuff Box, 19th Century 


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