M. FORD CREECH ANTIQUES & FINE ARTS
CAST SILVER SCHRAUBTALER (SCHRAUBMEDAILLE)*
with 17 HAND-COLORED COPPER PLATE ENGRAVINGS
Augsburg, c1731-2, Abraham Remshard (Engravings), The Silver Unmarked
The small circular cast silver box unscrewing to reveal
two hand colored and engraved maps :
one of the Bishopric of Salzburg,
the other of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania,
17 detailed circular 'leporello' hand-colored copper engravings.
The box and engravings depict the historic
expulsion of Protestants (mostly Lutherans) from Salzburg, and
their emigration to Prussian Lithuania at the invitation of King Frederick William I.
Each scene numbered (1-17) and with a bannered inscription above,
some inscriptions of a historic nature and some Biblical.
(The individual translations appear below with the detailed images).
The two threaded silver covers are cast to depict
a group of Protestants departing their homeland
and banner-inscribed :
"Gehe aus de mein Vatierland" (Leaving My Fatherland)
and arriving in Prussia :
"Korage Sollen Deine Pfleger Seyn" (The King Shall Be Your Guardian)
* Schraubtaler translates as "threaded coin".
These are also known as Schraubmedialle ("threaded medallion").
Condition : Box : Excellent; apparently unmarked
Engravings : Excellent condition with astoundingly bright colors;
the joining paper tabs reinforced, with some appropriately replaced with museum acid free tissue
It is apparently uncommon to find an example of these boxes with all 17numbered engravings,
especially so beautifully preserved
1.75" Wide x .75" High / 1 oz. total weight
Left Cover : "Gehe aus de mein Vatierland" (Leaving My Fatherland)
Right Cover : "Korage Sollen Deine Pfleger Seyn" (The King Shall Be Your Guardian)
Left map : Archbishopric os Salzburg / Right map : Duchy of Lithuania
In 1731, Prince-Archbishop Count Leopold Anton von Firmian
expelled over 20,000 Protestants from their homeland in Salzburg.
Their expulsion triggered protests and criticism throughout the the Protestant world.
In response, King Frederick William I of Prussia offered to resettle the exiled community in his territory -
On February 2, 1732, the King issued a 'Patent of Invitation',
declaring the Salzburg Protestants to be Prussian subjects traveling under his protection.
King Frederick William also threatened to retaliate against Catholics living in Prussia
should the Salzburgers were mistreated.
Upon arrival in Prussia, the Salzburgers would be given free land, supplies, and a period of tax exemption.
Between April and August 1732, over 20,000 Protestants left Salzburg for Prussia,
traveling in twenty-six columns of about 800 emigrants each.
Whislt the Salzburg Protestants were assessed an emigration tax of 10% of their belongings,
paid upon departure, they were received by Prussian commissioners, who then supplied them with travel money.
The migration became a spectacle in the Protestant towns of Germany,
whose residents plied the Salzburgers with food and money as they passed through.
Several hundred Salzburgers died in the long trek across Germany.
This exodus was possibily the most momentous event in the 18th century history of Salzburg
(other than the mid-18th century birth of Mozart and his contributions).
In memoriam, at least 300 different books and pamphlets were written about the migration in 1732-1733,
celebrating the faith and perseverance of the Salzburgers.
In the late 18th epic poem 'Hermann and Dorothea',
Goethe adapted a story from the Salzburg migration to the setting of the French Revolution.
This cast silver box, its maps exquisite engravings are among these contemporary tributes.
A Scene Similar to no.16 : "The Lord Has Led Us Here"
The Engravings & Their Translations & Meanings :
Engravings No. 1 - 4 :
1. Guests (literally in German) but better rendered "Pilgrims and strangers on the earth" (Quotation from Hebrews 1 1:14)
2. For the strength of healing words (Pictured are Catholic monks)
3. "A teacher unto righteousness."
This might be either based on Psalms 23:3 or Joel 2
(which calls for righteousness among the Hebrews).
On the scroll,
the words 'Es ist ds Heil' are the first words of the initial sentence of a 17th century German chorale,
which is translated 'Salvation has come to us...')
In other words, taken together these two quotations suggest that salvation (for Chritians such as the Salzburgers)
of for God's protection (for the Hebrews for whom both books were written).
4. For your sake we are slain. (Psalms 44:22)
Engravings No. 5, 7, 8, 12 :
5. The letters are serious and strong (powerful or perhaps numerous). (Correspondence of Lutherans - perhaps writing a petition).
7. They do not try to resist (pictured is a monk with a prisoner).
8. "They study the scriptures daily".
12. He guides us in the right way (path). (paraphrase of part of Psalms 23).
9. I must also lead these (people).
Engravings No. 6, 10, 11, 14 :
6. "My blood is drink indeed". (Petition working on th eletter in the image).
10. "The word of God endures forever". (Quotation from Isiah 40:8)
11. Go away from them. (This is probably a reference from II Corinthians to the command to stay away from the unclean or sinful.)
14. This odd inscription is probably best translated as "Preaching from the roof or shelter (platform)"
Engravings No. 13, 15, 16, 17 :
13. Come you blessed of the Lord.
15 ."We will go into the house of the Lord" (Quotation from Psalem 122:1)
16. The Lord has led us here.
17. "At Thy word, I will let down the net." (Quotation from Luke 5:5).
The point is that is the people have faith in God (in the scriptural case, Jesus's commands),
they will be successful in their work.
This is a very important poimt in Reformation theology.
With many thanks to Walter Robert Brown for his gracious and thorough intrepations and translations of these images!
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Early Asian Ceramics
Cast Silver Shraubtaler & 17 Hand-Colored Copper Engravings, Augsburg, c1731-2, (Engravings Abraham Remshard)
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